Madhuca is a large deciduous tree with thick leathery leaves and small, fleshy, pale or dull white musk-scented flowers in clusters near the end of branches. Its fruits are fleshy, greenish, with brown and shining seeds. Madhuca is also known as butter tree. It grows up to 20 meters in height with a spreading top.
The leaves of the tree contain alkaloid glucosidic saponin. The seeds contain fatty oil. Recently a new sapogenin and basic acid have also been isolated from the seeds.
Botanical Name: Madhuca indica
Indian Name: Mahua
- Madhuca flowers are useful in bronchitis and coughs. They should be given in doses of 30 grams with 250 ml of milk.
- Vapors of boiling madhuca leaves are useful in relieving the pain of orchitis or the inflammation of testicles.
- A decoction of the bark can be given internally in rheumatic diseases. The oil extracted from the seeds can also be applied locally on the affected area.
- A decoction of the bark can also be taken in diabetes mellitus with beneficial results.
- The oil extracted from the madhuca seeds has laxative properties. It helps cure piles by relieving chronic constipation.
- The leaves of the tree are useful in the treatment of eczema. The leaves, smeared with sesame oil, warmed over a fire and bandaged on the affected parts provide relief. They should be changed after every 3 to 4 hours.
- A lotion is made by mixing 4 ml of the liquid extract of the bark of the madhuca tree with 300 ml of water is an excellent gargle for bleeding and spongy gums.
- This lotion can also be used as a gargle in the treatment of acute and chronic tonsillitis and pharyngitis.
- The ash of the leaves, mixed with ghee, is often used as a dressing for burns and scalds in the indigenous system of medicine. For the cure of itching, a paste of the bark is applied locally. The oil extracted from the seeds can also be applied locally in skin diseases.
- Flowers of the madhuca are effective in increasing the flow of milk in nursing mothers. The seeds also have a similar property.