Chalmogra is a tall evergreen tree with sharply toothed, smooth and shining leaves, spherical fruits, about the size of an apple, with a rough thick brown rind. Within the fruit there are 10 to 20 angular seeds, embedded in scanty white pulp. The seed of chalmogra yield fatty oil. The oil contains hynocarpic acid, oleic acid and palmitic acid.
Botanical Name: Hydnocarpus laurifolia
Indian Name: Garudphal
Below are some of the medicinal properties of chalmogra:
- The oil extracted from the seeds is beneficial in leprosy. It should be applied locally to the affected parts. Recently chamogra has been recognized in the allopathic medicine as a valuable remedy for leprosy.
- The bark of chalmogra contains tannins, which are beneficial in the treatment of fevers.
- Chalmogra oil is an effective herbal remedy for treating skin diseases. It is locally used in rheumatism and phthisis or tuberculosis. It is an effective dressing for scaly eruptions and chronic skin diseases, even those of syphilitic origin. A liniment made of equal parts of the oil and lime water is applied to scald heads, leprous ulcerations, rheumatic pains and scruf, or a scaly condition, on the head.
- A paste of the seeds is a home remedy for wounds and certain skin diseases like eczema, ringworm and scabies. The infusion is used as a disinfectant for vaginal infection in gonorrhea and foetid discharge, especially after childbirth.