Bloodwort is an erect herb that grows up to 30 to 60 cm high. It is bitter, aromatic, stimulant and tonic. It has leafy, grooved stems and alternate, oblong tapering leaves, 5 to 10 cm long. Its flowers are small and crowed with thin scales. The fruits are flat, oblong shaped and shining.
The herb contains volatile oil, lactones, flavonoids, tannins, coumarins, saponins, sterols a bitter glycol alkaloid, cyaniding, aminoacids and acid sugars.
Botanical Name: Achillea millefolium
Indian Name: Rojmari or Gandana
Below are some of the medicinal properties of bloodwort:
- Bloodwort is highly beneficial herbal remedy for fevers. A hot infusion of the herb induces perspiration which cools fevers and expels toxins.
- It is also used for treating high blood pressure. It encourages blood flow to the skin which helps lower blood pressure. It is the alkaloid in bloodwort which has been reported to lower blood pressure.
- Bloodwort is a useful remedy for several stomach disorders like colic, heartburn and flatulence. About 30 grams of its decoction may be taken every hour in the treatment of these disorders. A dessertspoon of fresh juice of the herb, taken thrice a day aids digestion and gastric disorders.
- A hot infusion of the leaves is a powerful emmenagogue (a drug which induce menses) and thus useful in promoting and regulating menstrual cycles. In case of irregular menstrual flow, about 30 grams of decoction of the herb can be taken every hour with beneficial results. The essential oil extracted from its flowers has proved beneficial in the treatment of disorders of the female reproductive organs. About 5 to 30 drops of the oil can be taken in treating such disorders.
- It is an effective wound healer. The tannins in it are probably responsible for this property. It is good for all kinds of bleeding, both external and internal.
- As it arrests bleeding, a decoction or infusion of the bloodwort is useful in bleeding piles. The powdered leaves and flower heads are useful as carminative to relieve flatulence when given in 6 to 30 centigram doses.