Belleric myroblan is a large tree, often with buttresses. It has large leaves, 10 to 25 cm long, clustered near ends of branches; small pale green foul-smelling flowers in simple spikes and egg-shaped, brownish long fruits densely covered with hair.
The dried fruits of the tree constitute the drug bahera. The herb contains substantial amounts of tannin substances.
Botanical Name- Terminalia belerica
Indian Name- Bahera
Below are some of the medicinal properties of belleric myroblan:
The herb is bitter in taste. It is a tonic and a laxative and arrest secretion or bleeding. It is also useful in reducing fevers. The bahera fruit is one of the three constituents of the famous Indian preparation triphala, the other two being embelica myroblan (amla) and chebulic myroblan (harad).
- Belleric myroblan is a valuable remedy for cough. A mixture of the pulp of the fruit, salt, long pepper and honey is administered in the treatment of cough. The fried fruit covered with wheat flour and roasted, is another popular remedy for cough and catarrh.
- The same mixture as for cough treatment is also useful for sore throat and hoarseness of voice. The fried fruit is another remedy for treating sore throat. It should be given in the same manner as for cough.
- The half ripe fruit is considered useful as a purgative. It is effectively used in the treatment of chronic constipation. However, the ripe and dried fruit has the opposite property.
- It is useful in stomach disorders such as indigestion and diarrhea. A decoction or infusion of 1 to 3 grams of the pulp of the fruit should be administered in these disorders.
- Belleric myroblan, mixed with the seeds of butea is very effective anthelmintic. It should be taken in doses of one teaspoon thrice a day. It helps remove all intestinal parasites.
- It can also be applied on the eyes as a soothing lotion. Its fine powder can be used beneficially in epiphora- that is watering of the eyes, in which tears flow onto the cheeks due to abnormality of the tear drainage system.